Exporting Harm

World Call of Conscience to Prime Minister Harper

TO STOP OBSTRUCTING THE ROTTERDAM CONVENTION

To Prime Minister Harper:

September 10 marks the tenth anniversary of the adoption of the U.N. Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade. Canada ratified this Convention in 2002.

Instead of being a day of pride for Canadians, September 10 is a day of shame because of Canada's continued sabotage of the Convention.

We urgently call on you and your government to stop blocking the Rotterdam Convention and allow it to do its important work of protecting human lives.

As you know, the Convention gives countries a legally binding right to be informed about, and to refuse, hazardous chemicals and pesticides.

The right to prior informed consent is a right that is recognized and enforced in Canada. And it is a right that Canada promised to uphold globally when it ratified the Rotterdam Convention in 2002.

This basic right is crucial to protect people and the environment from harm, especially people in poor countries where increasingly these toxic substances are being shipped. The Convention is about environmental justice. It is based on respect for the right of countries to control their own borders with regard to the import of hazardous chemicals and pesticides.

With deep dismay we note the destructive role that Canada has played in vetoing the recommendation of the Convention's expert scientific body to put chrysotile asbestos on the list of hazardous chemicals, even though chrysotile asbestos meets every scientific and legal requirement of the Convention and has been banned by over forty countries.

If such a clearly hazardous chemical cannot be listed under the Convention, what can?

Canada's obstruction, which had the support of five other countries (Kyrgyzstan, Iran, India, Ukraine and Peru) out of the more than one hundred nations that have ratified the Convention, has forced the Convention Secretariat to circulate options for dismantling the Convention and creating a double standard with a Canada asbestos exemption.

If a double standard system of exemptions is created, the global right to know about hazardous chemicals and pesticides will be destroyed and Canada will have played the lead role in its death.

This is not in keeping with the values Canada claims to uphold in the world. This would be an ugly smear on Canada's reputation.

In six weeks' time, at the upcoming Rotterdam Convention meeting in Rome, the recommendation by the expert scientific body to put chrysotile asbestos on the Convention's list of hazardous chemicals will once more be put forward.

If, once more, Canada blocks it, the Convention will have to be dismantled.

At this critical moment, we call on you, as Prime Minister of Canada, to show responsible leadership and end Canada's obstruction of the Convention.

SIGNED:

Dr J.C.A. Davies, Professor Emeritus, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. South Africa
Dr Ronald B. Herberman, MD, Director, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute and UPMC Cancer Centers, Associate Vice Chancellor for Cancer Research, Professor of Medicine and Pathology, University of Pittsburgh, U.S.
Jimm Simon, National President, Canadian Cancer Society
Barb Whylie, Chief Executive Officer, Canadian Cancer Society
Dr. David Suzuki, Co-founder, David Suzuki Foundation, Vancouver, Canada
Dr David C. Christiani, MD, MPH, MS, Professor, Harvard School of Public Health; Professor, Harvard Medical School; Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital
Dr Richard A. Lemen, M.S.P.H., Assistant Surgeon General, United States Public Health Service (ret'd)
Prof. Devra Davis, Director of the Center for Environmental Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Dr Arthur Upton, former Director, U.S. National Cancer Institute; professor at New York University, U.S.
Dominique Peschard, Président, La Ligue des Droits et Libertés, Québec
Dr Rose H. Goldman, M.D., M.P.H., Chief, Occupational & Environmental Medicine Cambridge Health Alliance; Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School; Associate Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, U.S.
Stephen Lewis, Professor in Global Health, McMaster University, Canada
Dr Bernard D. Goldstein, Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health; Dean Emeritus, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, U.S.
Dr Colin L. Soskolne, PhD, FACE, Professor (Epidemiology), Department of Public Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Canada. President (2007-2009), Canadian Society for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Canada.
Professor Elihu D Richter MD MPH, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Dr T. K. Joshi, Director Occupational and Environmental Medicine Programme, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, New Delhi, India
Dr Philip J. Landrigan, MD, MSc, Professor and Chairman, Department of Community & Preventive Medicine; Professor of Pediatrics; Director, Children's Environmental Health Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, U.S.
Meyer Brownstone, Professor Emeritus University of Toronto, Chair Emeritus Oxfam Canada
Dr Peter Infante, Director of Standards Development, US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (retired); Asbestos Dispute Resolution Panel Scientific Expert, World Trade Organization, 1999-2000, U.S.
Dr Wagida A. Anwar, MD, Professor, Community and Environmenal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr Ivancica Trosic, Ph.D., Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Dr David Ozonoff, MD, MPH, Professor of Environmental Health, Chair Emeritus, Department of Environmental Health, Boston University School of Public Health, U.S.
Dr Susan M. Kennedy, PhD, Professor Emerita, School of Environmental Health University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr Paul A. Demers, Ph.D., Professor and Director, School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr Kenneth Rosenman, M.D., FACPM, FACE, Professor of Medicine, Chief, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Michigan State University, US
Dr Domyung Paek, MD, MSc, ScD, Professor, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea
Dr Ray Bustinza, Chargé d'enseignement de clinique, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Louis Drouin, Responsable secteur Environnement urbain et Santé, Direction santé publique, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Dr Yamina Tahmi, Résidente en santé communautaire, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Yv Bonnier-Viger, Professeur de clinique, Médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Karen Messing, Professeur émérite, Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Montréal, Canada
Dr Leslie Thomas Stayner, PhD, Professor and Director, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, UIC School
Dr David Michaels, PhD, MPH, Director, The Project on Scientific Knowledge and Public Policy; Research Professor and Interim Chairman, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington DC, U.S.
Dr Anthony Robbins, MD, MPA, Professor of Public Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, former Director, US National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S.
Dr Mohamed F Jeebhay, MBChB MPhil(Epi) MPH(Occ Med) PhD, Assoc. Professor, Occupational Medicine Specialist; Associate Director, Occupational Health, Occupational and Environmental Health Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Dr V. Murlidhar, Medical Officer, United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq; former Associate Professor, Dept of Surgery, LTM Medical College, Bombay University, India
Professor J E Myers BSc MBChB DTM&H MD MFOM, Director: Occupational and Environmental Health Research Unit, School of Public Health & Family Medicine Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa
Fernanda Giannasi, Coordinator, Rede Virtual-Cidadã Pelo Banimento do Amianto para a América Latina, Brazil
Dr Jamie Kathleen Scott, MD, PhD, Professor and Canada Research Chair in Molecular Immunity, Dept. Molecular Biology & Biochemistry and Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr Christer Hogstedt, M:D:, professor, Swedish National Institute of Public Health (ret'd), Sweden
Dr. Kristen Welker-Hood, ScD MSN RN, Director, Environment and Health Programs, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Washington DC, U.S.
Prof. Ken Takahashi, Professor of Environmental Epidemiology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan
Dr Benoit Lévesque, Professeur de clinique, Médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Audrey Smargiassi, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Dr Giuliano Franco, MD Hon FFOM, Professor of Occupational Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
Denny Dobbin, MSc (OH), President, Society for Occupational and Environmental Health, Past President, Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics, London, UK
Dr Michael Byers, Professor & Canada Research Chair in Global Politics and International Law, University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr Arthur L. Frank MD, PhD, Professor and Chair, Environmental and Occupational Health, Drexel University School of Public Health, US- Ana Digón, Chief of Chemical Risks Programme, Ministry of Health, Argentina
Dr Gregory P Deleuil AM, RFD, M.B., B.S. Medical Advisor to the Asbestos Diseases Advisory Service of Australia
Dr André Dufresne, Département Santé environnementale et santé au travail, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Eduardo Rodriguez, Chief of Occupational Safety and Health Programme, Ministry of Health, Argentina
Dr Carrie A. Redlich MD, MPH, Professor of Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine and Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, U.S.
Dr. Takehiko Murayama, Professor, Environmental Policy and Planning, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Japan
Prof. Richard W. Clapp, D.Sc., MPH, Boston University School of Public Health, U.S.- Professor Jock McCullough, School of Global Studies, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia
Dr Joseph LaDou, MS, MD, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California School of Medicine, US
Dr. Morando Soffritti, General Secretary, Collegium Ramazzini; Scientific Director, European Ramazzini Foundation, Italy
Hon. Howard Pawley, Associate Professor Emeritus, University of Windsor and former premier of Manitoba, Canada
Abou thiam, Pesticide Action Network Africa, Senegal
Docteur Philippe Davezies, maître de conférences en médecine et santé au travail, Université Lyon 1, France
Anabela Lemos, Director, JA! Justica Ambiental, Mozambique
Dr Jim te Water Naude, Medical Manager and Specialist, Asbestos Relief Trust, South Africa
Professor Aiman Najmetdinova, Toxic Action network Central Asia, Kazakhstan- Professor Muzofar Isobaev, Toxic Action network Central Asia, Tajikistan
Alexey Zimenko, Biodiversity Conservation Center, Russia
Dr Pierre Gosselin, Professeur de clinique, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Pierre L. Auger, MD FRCPC(C), Médecine du travail, Professeur adjoint, Médecine sociale préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Romeo F. Quijano, M.D., Professor, Dept. of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Medicine, University of the Philippines, Manila
Andrew Watterson, Occupational and Environmental Health Research Group, University of Stirling, Scotland
Dr Jennifer Sass, Ph.D., Natural Resources Defense Council, Washington, DC, U.S.
Dr Benoit Lévesque, Professeur de clinique, Médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Dr Audrey Smargiassi, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Dr Joseph DiGangi, PhD, Director, Global Chemical Safety Program, Environmental Health Fund, U.S.
Dr Laura S Welch MD, Medical Director, CPWR, The Center for Construction Research and Training, Maryland, U.S.
Barry Castleman, ScD, Environmental Consultant, U.S.
Morris Greenberg, Medical Inspector of Factories UK (retired)
Dr James Leigh MD PhD MA MSc BLegS Ceng, Director, Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia
Dr Tee L. Guidotti, MD, MPH, FRCPC, FCBOM, FFOM, George Washington University, Washington DC, U.S.
Dr Michael R. Harbut, MD, MPH, FCCP, CoDirector, National Center for Vermiculite and Asbestos-Related Cancers, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University; Chief, Center for Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Michigan, U.S.
Dr Michael Silverstein, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor, Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, U.S.
Dr Rosemary K. Sokas, MD, MOH, Professor, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, U.S.
Dr Laurence Fuortes MD, Professor, Occupational Medicine, University of Iowa, College of Public Health, Iowa, U.S.
Dr Manon Blackburn Médecin conseil, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada- Dr Melissa A. McDiarmid, MD, MPH, DABT, Professor of Medicine and Director, University of Maryland Occupational Health Program, U.S.
Dr Arnold R. Brody, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Molecular Biomedical Science, North Carolina State University, U.S.
Bernardo Reyes, Director, Instituto de Ecologia Politica, Santiago, Chile- Isabel Lincolao, Directora, RENACE, Santiago, Chile
Natalya Abdullaeva, Women for Sustainable Development, Uzbekistan
Eva Delgado Rosas, Coordinadora, Asociacion Frente al Asbesto, Perú
Dr Fernand Turcotte, Professeur émérite de santé publique et médecine préventive, Faculté de médecine, Université Laval. Québec, Canada
Dr Maryse Guay, Université de Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada
Dr Franklin E. Mirer, PhD, CIH, Professor, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Urban Public Health Program, Hunter College School of Health Sciences, New York, U.S.
John Sutton, National Secretary, Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union of Australia
Prof. Harry Glasbeek, Professor Emeritus and Senior Scholar, Osgoode Hall Law School, York University
Dr Julie Dufort Médecin, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Judy Sparer, CIH, Yale University School of Medicine, U.S.
Dr Marie St-Amour, Médecin conseil, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Henry A. Anderson, MD, Chief Medical Officer, Wisconsin Division of Public Health, U.S.
Dr Linda Pinsonneault, Professeur, Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Montréal, Québec, Canada
Dr David Wegman, Dean, School of Health and Environment, University of Massachusetts, U.S.
Dr James Melius MD DrPH, Administrator, New York State Laborers' Health and Safety Fund, U.S.
Dr Karen B. Mulloy, DO, MSCH, Associate Professor, Occupational and Environmental Health, Colorado School of Public Health
Dr Bradley Evanoff, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, U.S.
Dr John Bailar, Professor Emeritus, University of Chicago, U.S.
Dr Virginia M Weaver MD MPH, Associate Professor, Director, Occupational & Environmental Medicine Residency Program, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, U.S.
Professor Leslie London, Director: School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town Health Sciences Faculty, South Africa
Robert Vojakovic AM JP, President, Asbestos Diseases Society of Australia Inc, Australia
Dr Catherine Risi, Médecin, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Professor Arthur McIvor, History Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland
Dr Jung-Der Wang, M.D., Sc.D., Distinguished Professor, Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Dr Christine Lacroix, Médecin conseil, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Kim Hooper, Ph.D., Environmental Chemistry Laboratory, California Department of Toxic Substances Control, California Environmental Protection Agency, Berkeley, U.S.
Dr Lewis Pepper, MD, MPH, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, U.S.
Dr L. Christine Oliver, MD, MPH, MS, Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Associate Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital, U.S.
Dr David G. Kern, M.D., Consultant, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Camden, ME
Dr John R. Balmes, MD, Professor of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco; Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, U.S.
Dr Matthew Keifer, Professor of Public Health and Medicine, University of Washington, U.S.
Dr Michel Gérin, Département Santé environnementale et Santé au travail, Faculté de médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada
Dr Ivancica Trosic, Ph.D., Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Dr Mark R. Cullen MD, Professor of Medicine and Public Health, Yale School of Medicine, U.S.
Dr Daniel Thau Teitelbaum MD, Adjunct Professor, School of Public Health, University of Colorado at Denver, U.S.
Monsieur André Aschieri, Maire de Mouans-Sartoux, Conseiller Régional PACA, Vice Président de l'Agence Francaise de Securite Sanitaire de l'Environnement et du Travail, France
Dr Robert Harrison, MD, MPH, Professor of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California, U.S.
Dr Fred Gerr, MD, Professor, The University of Iowa Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, U.S.
Dr Tim K. Takaro, MD, MPH, MS. Associate Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr. Chris Carlsten, MD MPH, Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr François Milord, Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr. Christine Joffres, Ph. D., Research Associate, Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Bristish Columbia, Canada
Dr Michael Brauer ScD, Professor, School of Environmental Health and Department of Medicine-respiratory Division, The University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr Pierre Deshaies, Professeur de clinique, Médecine sociale et préventive, Université Laval, Québec, Canada
Robert Tumwesigye Baganda, Coordinator, Pro-Biodiversity Conservationists, Uganda
Ram Charitra Sah, Executive Director, Center for Public Health and Environment Development, Nepal
Sonia S. Mendoza, Chairman, Mother Earth Foundation, Philippines
José Dinis, General Secretary, Trades Union International of Workers in the Building, Wood and Building Materials Industries, Helsinki, Finland
Prof. Geoffrey Tweedale, Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, U.K.
Dr Nabila Kadaoui, Résidente en santé communautaire, DSP Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Prof. Islam Mustafaev, Prof of Chemistry, Chairman, Ecological Society Ruzgar, Azerbaijan
Dr Margaret Keith, PhD University of Windsor, Canada
Linda Reinstein, Executive Director and Cofounder, Asbestos Disease Awareness Organization, U.S.
Manuel Baquedano. Presidente, Instituto de Ecologia Politica, Santiago, Chile
Professor Igor Hadjamberdiev, Toxic Action network Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan
Professor Ibragim Damulojanov, Toxic Action network Central Asia, Uzbekistan
Maria Gil-Beroes, Fundacion Aguaclara, Venezuela
Dr James Brophy, PhD University of Windsor, Canada
Ebeh A. Kodjo, Executive Coordinator, National Consumers & Environmental Alliance, Togo
Vladimir Garaba, Chisinau, Environmental Movement, Moldova
Dr Michael Gochfeld, Professor of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, New Jersey, U.S.
Dr Stéphane Trépanier, Résident en santé communautaire, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Ron Melnick, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, North Carolina, U.S.
Dr Bruce P. Lanphear, MD, MPH, Distinguished Scientist, Child & Family Research Institute, BC Children's Hospital, Professor Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr Robin Herbert, M.D., Director, World Trade Center Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program, Data and Coordination Center, Associate Professor of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, U.S.
Dr Peter Orris, MD, MPH, Professor and Chief of Service, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, U.S.
Dr David G. Kern, M.D., Consultant, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Camden, Maine, U.S.
Dr Michael Gochfeld, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, New Jersey, U.S.
Dr David Kotelchuck, Professor Emeritus, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Hunter College of the City University of New York, U.S.
Dr Brian S. Schwartz, MD, MS, Professor of Environmental Health Sciences, Epidemiology, and Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, U.S.
Dr David Kriebel, Sc.D., Professor, Department of Work Environment, School of Health and Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, U.S.
Dr John M. Dement, Ph.D., CIH, Professor, Division of Occupational & Environmental Medicine Department of Community & Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, U.S.
Dr Évelyne Cambron-Goulet, DSP Montérégie, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Stephen M. Levin, MD, Medical Co-Director, Center for Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, U.S.
Jean Claude Zerbib, Ingénieur en radioprotection, Expert Sénior CEA, Israël
Senator Alain Destexhe, MD, Belgium
Laurent Vogel, Director of the Health and Safety Department, European Trade Union Institute, France
Dr Daniel Nadeau, Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Québec, Canada
Dr Martin Cherniack, MD, MPH, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, U.S.
Dr Lundy Braun, PhD, Professor, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Africana Studies Brown University, Providence, U.S.
Perry Gottesfeld, Executive Director, Occupational Knowledge International, U.S.
Prof. Ed Chessor, CIH, P.Eng., Adjunct Professor, School of Environmental Health, University of British Columbia, Canada
Dr Stephen Corber, MD, FRCPC,Associate Professor, Director of Public Health Practice Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Dr Margo M. Moore, Ph. D., Professor, Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Prof. Rory O'Neill, Occupational and Environmental Health Research Group, University of Stirling, Scotland
Dr David Rempel, MD, MPH, Professor of Medicine, University of California, U.S.
Theresa McClenaghan, Executive Director and Counsel, Canadian Environmental Law Association, Canada
Dr V. Ramana Dhara, MD, ScD, MPH, Adjunct Clinical Professor, Morehouse School of Medicine & Rollins School of Public Health of Emory University, Atlanta, U.S.
Pastor Peter Lysy, Theological Advisor of Protestant Entrepreneurs in Bavaria, Germany
The Very Reverend Christian Schreiner, Dean and Rector of Quebec, Anglican Church of Canada

* Institutions listed for identification purposes only.


Title Page
Preface
Executive Summary
Introduction
Brief History of Asbestos: Hiding the Dangers in the Name of Profits
How the Canadian Government has Marketed Asbestos to Developing Countries
Conclusion
World Call of Conscience to Prime Minister Harper